Jul 23, 2018

Real Estate Agent's Non-Disclosure of Known Defects

Arizona real estate agents are required to "disclose in writing to all other parties any information the licensee possesses that materially or adversely affects the consideration to be paid by any party to the transaction". A real estate agents failure to disclose a known defect about the property could put their license and jeopardy and expose themselves to financial sanctions.

R4-28-1101 of the Arizona Administrative Code of Professional Conduct: states that real estate agents owe a fiduciary duty to the client and shall protect and promote the client's interest. However, it also states that they are to deal fairly with all parties to the transaction--even the buyer.

What if a Complaint is made to the AZDRE?
If a complaint is made by a party to a real estate purchase that an Arizona real estate agent hid material information from the buyer than a notice will be sent to that real estate agent. The AZDRE will begin a thorough review of the complaint to make a finding of their own. As part of this review process it is highly likely that the AZDRE will ask the real estate agent for all documents pertinent to this situation. For instance, they may ask for all emails, text messages, contracts, addenda to the contract, etc.  

Do Not Simply Ignore the Department's Requests
If you are a real estate agent who has received a request from the AZDRE for documentation do not ignore them! Ignoring the problem will not make it go away. Don't think that by sticking your head in the sand the AZDRE will forget about the alleged violation. In fact, simply ignoring the Department's request for documents can cause you to lose your real estate license AND prevent your from renewing or reapplying for a license!

A.R.S. 32-2153(B)(11): States that "The commissioner may suspend or revoke a license, deny the issuance of a licese, issue a letter of concern to a licensee, issue a provisional license failure "to respond in the course of an investigation or audit by providing documents or written statements."




Don't be this type of an Arizona real estate agent! If you have found yourself in trouble with the Arizona Department of Real Estate then give me a call at 480-344-4035 or email at cdunaway@gmail.com. 

Jul 12, 2018

Recovering Future Rents from Tenant

If a tenant that is under a current lease agreement who is evicted or abandons the property; can that landlord sue for all future rents thru the end of the lease? The answer is; "yes", "no" and "maybe".

Let me answer this question by using an example. Landlord and Tenant sign a 24 month lease agreement. Tenant promises to pay $1,000 each month for rent. However, 6 months into the lease term the tenant does not pay rent and so the landlord evicts him. Tenant still has 18 months left on his 2 year lease. Can landlord sue tenant for the remaining 18 months? Maybe, I will answer the question in greater detail below.

"No", a Landlord may not sue for future rents.

Hypothetically, if the landlord finds a new tenant who begins paying rent the very next month then landlord may not sue the initial previous tenants for the future rent he should have paid. A landlord may not sue a tenant for future unpaid rents at an eviction hearing. Because the landlord won't know how long the property will sit empty and therefore the courts award would be based off of speculation. But a landlord can sue for all past rents owed during an eviction lawsuit.

A landlord has a duty to "mitigate" his losses. A landlord mitigates his losses after an eviction by doing everything possible to re-rent the property. Landlord must take the same actions they would if re-renting the property under normal circumstances. The Arizona landlord cannot simply let the property sit empty for 18 months and then sue the tenant because the property sat empty. He must take all reasonable actions to re-rent the property as soon as possible. Again, a landlord may not sue a tenant for future rent through an eviction lawsuit. However, there is another option a landlord may take to recoup losses from a breaching tenant.

Yes, a Landlord MAY sue a former tenant for unpaid rents.

Yes, a landlord may sue a former tenant for unpaid rents after they were evicted from the Property. However, the landlord must first market and re-rent the Property before suing the former tenant. The law doesn't allow for double-dipping, meaning you cannot sue a former tenant for terminating a lease 16 months earlier while collecting rent each month from a new tenant.

However, you can sue a previous tenant for all the months the Property sat vacant until it was re-leased to a new person. Using the example from above, let's assume the landlord re-rented the Property one month after evicting the previous tenant. In this situation the Property only sat empty for one month and so the previous tenant is only liable to one months rent to the Landlord. Regardless of how many more months or years were left on a previous tenants lease, a landlord can only sue for the months the Property actually sat empty.

For this, and other reasons it rarely makes sense to sue a tenant for the months a Property sat vacant before you re-rented it. Call experienced real estate attorney Clint Dunaway at 480-344-4035 or send me an email at cdunaway@davismiles.com. 

Jul 11, 2018

Possessions of Evicted Tenants

Often tenants will leave personal property on the premises after they have been evicted. As a landlord you cannot simply keep or throw away the former tenant's belongings. The Arizona Landlord-Tenant Act requires to you maintain their possessions for 14 days.
Per A.R.S. § 33-1368(E) a landlord, must hold the evicted tenant's possessions for a minimum of 14 days from the day the Writ of Restitution was issued. As the landlord, you may;
  • Keep the tenant's belongings that the rental property for the 14 days,
  • Move the tenant's belongings to an off-site storage facility,
  • Require the tenant to reimburse you for the actual cost of moving and storing their belongings during the 14 day period,
  • Prohibit the tenants from ever returning to the property without your explicit permission.
As a landlord you may NOT;
  • Require the tenant pay for the judgment you obtained against them prior to releasing the belongings to them. Meaning you cannot require a tenant pay you for all back rent, late fees, attorneys' fees, and court costs prior to returning their belongings. (Again, you can only demand payment for the actual cost of storing and moving the belongings.)
  • Dispose of the tenant's property prior to the expiration of the 14 days.  
If you do choose to remove the tenant's belongings from the rental property use considerable care, you will be responsible for any damage to their belongings. It is a good idea to photograph, or video the premises, so that you have an inventory of what was left behind. Make sure the date can be verified through the images and video. This will also give you the opportunity to catalog any damage to the rental unit itself. Take the inventory prior to moving any of the personal property from the rental unit.

After the 14 day period, if there has been no contact from the evicted party, and they have not claimed, or made and agreement to claim their property, a landlord may sell the items or dispose of the items that were left behind.

Questions regarding the eviction of your Arizona tenant?  Contact Arizona Real Estate Attorney Clint Dunaway at 480-344-4035 or cdunaway@davismiles.com